1.2.986. Prefix And Suffixes With Typehint

This analysis checks the relationship between methods prefixes and suffixes, with their corresponding return typehint.

For example, a method with the signature function isACustomer() {} should return a boolean. That boolean can then be read when calling the method : if ($user->isACustomer()) {}.

There are multiple such conventions that may be applied. For example, has* should return a boolean, set* should return nothing (aka void), and get* shall return any kind of type. There are 2 parameters for this analysis. It is recommended to customize them to get an better results, related to the naming conventions used in the code.

prefixedType is used for prefix in method names, which is the beginning of the name. suffixedType is used for suffixes : the ending part of the name. Matching is case insensitive.

The prefix is configured as the index of the map, while the related type is configured as the value of the map.

prefixToType['is'] = 'bool'; will be use as is* shall use the bool typehint.

Multiple typehints may be used at the same time. PHP supports multiple types since PHP 8.0, and Exakat will support them with any PHP version. Specify multiple types by separating them with comma. Any typehint not found in this list will be reported, including null.

PHP scalar types are available : string, int, void, etc. Explicit types, based on classes or interfaces, must use the fully qualified name, not the short name. suffixToType['uuid'] = '\Uuid'; will be use as *uuid shall use the \Uuid typehint.

When multiple rules applies, only one is reported.


class x  {
    // Easy to read convention
    function isAUser() : bool {}

    // shall return a boolean
    function isACustomer() {}

    // shall return a string, based on suffix 'name => string'
    function getName() {}

    // shall return a string, based on suffix 'name => string'
    function getUsername() {}

    // shall return \Uuid, based on prefix 'uuid => \Uuid'
    function getUuid() {}

    // shall return anything, based on no prefix nor suffix
    function getBirthday() {}








prefixedType[‘is’] = ‘bool’; prefixedType[‘has’] = ‘bool’; prefixedType[‘set’] = ‘void’; prefixedType[‘list’] = ‘array’;


List of prefixes and their expected returntype


prefixedType[‘list’] = ‘bool’; prefixedType[‘int’] = ‘int’; prefixedType[‘string’] = ‘string’; prefixedType[‘name’] = ‘string’; prefixedType[‘description’] = ‘string’; prefixedType[‘id’] = ‘int’; prefixedType[‘uuid’] = ‘Uuid’;


List of suffixes and their expected returntype

1.2.986.1. Specs

Short name



All, Semantics

Exakat since


PHP Version




Time To Fix

Quick (30 mins)



Available in

Entreprise Edition, Exakat Cloud